The United Nations has been constructively promoting human rights education, as an effective tool for both the prevention of human rights violations and the improvement of human rights protection. Human rights education and learning serve to realise mutual respect for human rights, disseminate relevant information on human rights and help to shape better behaviour toward a culture of human rights, that will foster mutual understanding and tolerance between diverse societies and cultures. The United Nations Decade for Human Rights Education (1995-2004) aimed to raise global awareness of human rights and promote such a universal human rights culture. The Decade was followed by the World Programme for Human Rights Education, of which the Plan of Action was adopted by the General Assembly (A/59/525) and started 1 January 2005 with its first phase (2005-2007) focusing on human rights education in primary and secondary school systems. The World Programme is now an ongoing global process structured in consecutive phases focusing on a specific sector or theme for every phase to follow.